Heart Failure Causes

Most common causes of heart failure:

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy (cardiomyopathy caused by heart attack)
  • Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathy (cardiomyopathy caused by a condition other than a heart attack)
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes/Metabolic Syndrome/Obesity
  • Atrial Fibrillation, Atrial Flutter, Tachycardia (abnormal heart rhythm or arrhythmia)
  • Alcohol Cardiomyopathy (over-use of alcohol)
  • Idiopathic cardiomyopathy (the cause is not known)
  • Inherited/Familial
  • Valvular Cardiomyopathy (Cardiomyopathy caused by heart valve problems such as Aortic Insufficiency, Mitral Regurgitation, Mitral Stenosis, or Tricuspid Valve Disease
  • Congenital Heart Defects (transposition of the great arteries, Tetralogy of Fallot, Septal Defects)
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy
  • Right Side Heart Failure (can be caused by severe lung disease such as Pulmonary Hypertension or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)) 
  • Myocarditis (infection of the heart muscle)

Less common causes of heart failure: