Transfemoral Animation

During a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) procedure you will undergo the following steps:

Step 1:
You will be placed under general anesthesia (in a deep sleep) or conscious sedation (light sleep).

Step 2: Your doctor will put in a sheath (a short hollow tube) that is slightly larger than the width of a pencil through the skin without making an incision.

Step 3: Sheath is placed in femoral artery (large artery in your upper leg).

Step 4: Your doctor will take a balloon and put it through the sheath into your blood vessel to reach your aortic valve. The balloon will inflated with fluid to break open your narrowed valve, deflated, and then removed.

Step 5: The transcatheter heart valve will be placed on the delivery system (long tube with a balloon on the end), and compressed on the balloon (using a crimper) to make it small enough to fit through the sheath. It will be about the width of a pencil.

Step 6: The delivery system carrying the valve will be placed through the sheath and pushed up to your aortic valve, guided by a type of X-ray.

Step 7: The balloon of the delivery system carrying the valve will be inflated with fluid, expanding this new valve within your diseased valve. During valve expansion, the heart is stabilized by temporarily speeding up the heartbeat. The new valve will push the leaflets of your diseased, valve aside. The frame of the new valve is very strong and it will use the leaflets of your diseased valve to secure in place. Next, the balloon will be deflated.

Step 8: Close the incision

Animation provided by Edwards Lifesciences