Liver Failure Treatment Strategies

Liver transplant is the only cure for end-stage liver disease. There are two types of transplants, whole liver transplantation and split liver transplantation. Whole liver transplantation is the most common procedure and is performed by placing the entire donor liver in the recipient.

Split liver transplantation is when the liver tissue, blood vessels, and biliary structures are divided to obtain feasible grafts for use in two patients. The advantage for this procedure is that two recipients in urgent need of a liver graft can be successfully transplanted. It can also be safely used for an elective procedure. The portion of the liver used for each recipient is determined by the size and shape of the donor organ and the respective weights of the recipients.