Enlarged Prostate

Enlarged prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is the noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland surrounding the urethral passage between the bladder and penis. BPH or enlarged prostate is common in men over the age of 50, but usually does not cause any major problems. However, in some patients, this enlargement can cause significant urinary problems, which might lead to bladder and kidney damage. Thus, evaluation by a urologist is recommended when the urinary symptoms of BPH become bothersome.

Typical symptoms of enlarged prostate or BPH include:

  • Frequent urination (called frequency)
  • Trips to the bathroom at night (nocturia)
  • Diminished force of the stream
  • Difficulty holding back urination (urgency)
  • Delay in starting the stream (hesitancy)
  • Interruption of the stream (intermittency), or sense of incomplete emptying.

Patients with minor problems are usually treated by modifying fluid intake and cutting back on coffee, tea or alcohol, particularly in the evening.

Learn more about men's health treatment options.

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