Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition marked by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that affects 3% to 5% of children. Children with ADHD have more trouble than other children their age with things like concentrating or paying attention, remembering things, following directions or finishing tasks, sitting still, staying quiet, or waiting their turn. In order to be diagnosed with ADHD, these symptoms must cause problems for children in at least two settings, such as school, home, or sports. There are three different types of ADHD: inattentive type, hyperactivity-impulsive type, and combined type.

Treatment for ADHD typically involves medication, most commonly stimulants. Sometimes therapy, such as behavioral therapy, can be helpful in learning ways to manage symptoms.