Conditions & Treatments
Malignant tumors are cancerous growths which expand quickly and can metastasize, or spread to other areas of the body. Malignant bone tumors grow by invading nearby cells and spread to other parts of the body through a process called metastasis. Cells break off the tumor, enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system, and spread to another area, infecting additional tissue. This is how a tumor which starts in one part of the body, such as the breast or prostate, can spread to another type of tissue, such as the bones.
Below is a list of malignant tumors our orthopaedic oncology surgeons treat at Emory Orthopaedics & Spine.
Chordoma is a rare tumor that usually occurs in the spine and base of the skull. It is a malignant tumor that grows fairly slowly.
Lymphoma of the bone is defined as lymphoma arising within the medullary cavity of a bone in the absence of lymph node.
Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the most common malignant soft tissue tumor in late adulthood.
Metastatic Bone Disease
Cancer that begins in an organ, such as the lungs, breast, or prostate, and then spreads to bone is called metastatic bone disease (MBD). MBD causes pain in the area of spread, damages and weakens bone, and puts the patient at a greater risk for broken bones.
Myeloma is the most common primary bone cancer. It is a cancer that begins in bone (primary bone cancer) which is different from cancer that begins somewhere else in the body and spreads to bone (secondary bone cancer).
Sarcoma is a broad term that describes cancerous tumors that can develop from bone, tissue around joints, fat, muscle, nerves, fibrous tissues, blood vessels, or deep skin tissues.
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