Interventional Cardiology Conditions

Minimally invasive surgery is often the best choice for treating certain heart conditions. Your heart specialist may recommend it if you have one of these:

Coronary Artery Disease

People with a disease called atherosclerosis have a buildup of fatty deposits called plaque in the arteries of their heart. This narrows the arteries and reduces blood flow. Minimally invasive procedures called percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) can treat the plaque and restore blood flow.

Heart Attack

Atherosclerosis can lead to blood clots that block blood flow to part of the heart. This is a heart attack. Many heart attacks are treated with minimally invasive procedures to open the blockage.

Coronary Microvascular Disease

The smallest blood vessels in your heart can become damaged, causing chest pain and other symptoms. Women are more likely than men to have this heart problem.

Peripheral Arterial Disease

If you have this condition, also called PAD, you may have leg pain when you walk, or numbness and tingling in your lower legs and feet. This happens when the buildup of plaque restricts blood flow in the arteries in your legs. Emory specialists were among the first in the U.S. to offer minimally invasive procedures for people with PAD.

Carotid Artery Disease

Your carotid arteries carry blood to your brain. Carotid artery disease occurs when these arteries are narrowed by atherosclerosis. A stroke is often the first symptom of this condition. Specialists at Emory pioneered innovative procedures to open carotid arteries.

Heart Valve Disease

Your heart valves keep blood flowing one way through your heart. If your valves are damaged or diseased, blood flow can be reduced, and blood can even flow backward through the valve. A number of minimally invasive procedures are used to correct valve disease.

Congenital Heart Defects

When the heart doesn’t develop correctly before birth, the baby may be born with a heart defect. Some of these defects don’t cause problems. Others require surgical repair, often with minimally invasive procedures.

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