Congenital head and neck masses are lumps (cysts) in the neck, face, scalp, or ear. Many of these should be removed to prevent infection. The most common congenital head and neck masses are dermoid cysts, branchial cleft cysts, and thyroglossal duct cysts.

  • Dermoid cysts are usually found on the scalp, face, or neck. Dermoid cysts need to be removed because they can grow larger or become infected.
  • Branchial cleft cysts develop in the neck of young children. Branchial cleft cysts are surgically removed to prevent infection.
  • Thyroglossal duct cysts are lumps in the middle of the neck near the Adam’s apple or under the chin. Removal is typically required to prevent infection.

Diagnosis, Treatment, and Therapies

To learn about neck cysts diagnosis, treatment, and therapies, please visit the Head and Neck Surgery Program.