Coronary arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. Coronary artery disease results from atherosclerosis, a buildup of fatty deposits and plaque in the lining of a coronary artery, which narrows the artery and causes a decrease in blood flow to the heart muscle.

When a coronary artery suddenly becomes blocked and blood flow to an area of heart muscle stops, it is called a heart attack. A heart attack can permanently damage heart muscle and cause the affected area of the heart not to pump properly.

Common symptoms of coronary artery disease include shortness of breath and angina (pain or a feeling of increased pressure in the chest). Less common symptoms include nausea, sweating, fatigue, dizziness and decreased exercise tolerance.

In addition to diet, exercise, medication therapy and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery there are a number of minimally invasive procedures that can restore blood flow through a blocked coronary artery. These procedures include:

  • Coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Complex coronary artery revascularization
  • Reoperative coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Robotically assisted, minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Hybrid minimally invasive coronary artery bypass and coronary artery stent placement

Learn about minimally invasive procedures to treat Coronary Artery Disease