Total Knee Replacement
Are you a candidate for total knee replacement surgery?
The total knee replacement procedure
In performing a total knee replacement, your surgeon will remove damaged or diseased bone and cartilage from the top of your tibia, or shin bone, and implant a flat metal plate and stem. Then the surgical team will clip a synthetic insert into this tibial tray to function as the new weight-bearing surface. Your surgeon will then shape the lower bone surface of the femur, or thigh bone, and attach a contoured metal shield that will move smoothly against the new surface of your lower leg. Your original knee cap may be retained or replaced with a synthetic one. The operation will last about two hours.
Depending on your condition, your Emory orthopedic surgeon may elect to use the latest computer technology to aid in the alignment of your implant. In computer-assisted surgery, infrared and electromagnetic devices create images of your knee that the surgeon can view on a monitor during the procedure. Another option may be a less invasive surgery technique that allows the surgeon to use smaller incisions in certain patients who have uncomplicated conditions.